Mouth and Tooth Injuries

A blow to the jaw, collision or fall can result in a number of mouth and/or tooth injuries, such injuries can be associated with severe blood loss. As a first aider knowing how to look after a dislodged tooth can be the difference between saving the tooth or losing it.

As a first aider you should:

  • D.R.S.A.B.C.D, ensure there is no danger to yourself the casualty or any bystanders
  • Assess the situation

If the casualty is conscious

  • Ensure there airway is clear
  • Place them in a sitting position
  • If there is bleeding apply firm pressure to the area
    • If the bleeding is from a tooth socket, fold a sterile dressing and ask the casualty to bite down firmly  for approximately 10 minutes
    • If the bleeding is coming from a lip ask the casualty to hold the injured area firmly with a sterile dressing.

If the casualty is unconscious

  • D.R.S.A.B.C.D. and call for an ambulance
  • Commence resuscitation if needed

If a tooth has been knocked out

  • Handle the tooth by the crown and not the root
  • If possible try to replace the tooth back into the socket to keep the root alive
  • If the casualty cannot assist with the replacement of the tooth, try to keep the tooth moist and clean. It is beneficial to keep the tooth in a container of either milk or the person’s saliva
  • A casualty should been seen by a dentist within 30-60 minutes if the tooth is to be saved
  • DO NOT place the tooth in water 
  • DO NOT wrap the tooth in a tissue or cloth as this will dry out the tooth