These include flame, scald, blast (hot gas), inhalation injury and direct heat contact.
- IMMEDIATELY cool burns with cool running water for a minimum of 20 minutes
- If possible, remove all rings, watches, jewellery, or other constricting items from the affected area without causing further tissue damage.
- Remove wet, non-adherent clothing as clothing soaked with hot liquids retains heat.
- Cover the burnt area with a loose and light non-stick dressing, preferably clean, dry, lint free (non-fluffy) material e.g., plastic cling film
- Cover unburnt areas and keep the rest of the victim warm to reduce the risk of hypothermia.
- Where feasible elevate burnt limbs to minimise swelling
DO NOT peel off adherent clothing or burning substances.
DO NOT use ice or ice water to cool the burn as further tissue damage may result.
DO NOT break blisters.
DO NOT apply lotions, ointments, creams, or powders other than hydrogel.