If the person is not responding and is not breathing normally, commence resuscitation following DRSABCD.
The management of heat induced illness is aimed at cooling and hydration.
Cooling the person should be done as soon as practicable, but should not delay sending for an ambulance.
During cooling management, level of consciousness and the ability to maintain an airway should be continuously assessed.
Cooling management should aim to remove the cause and assisting the normal cooling mechanisms of evaporation, conduction, radiation, and convection. Cooling methods will vary depending on availability and circumstance. A combination of cooling methods may be most effective if immersion is not available (strong recommendation, weak level of evidence).
While waiting for professional assistance for individuals over 5 years of age:
If this is not available, a combination of the following methods should be used:
While waiting for professional assistance for children 5 years of age and under a combination of the following methods should be used:
Oral hydration should only be given if fully conscious and able to swallow. Give cool or cold water to drink if fully conscious and able to swallow.