People with diabetes may develop low blood glucose levels if:
Competitors in ultra-marathon endurance events, who do not have diabetes, can also become energy depleted and develop low blood glucose levels requiring first aid management.
Hypoglycaemic events range from those that can be self-managed, to severe episodes, where medical help is needed.
The brain requires a continuous supply of glucose to function normally. When blood glucose levels fall below normal levels symptoms and signs may include:
If a person with diabetes has a diabetes management plan, then that plan should be followed.
If a person with diabetes reports low blood glucose level or exhibits symptoms or signs of hypoglycaemia:
Monitor the casualty for improvement; resolution of symptoms would be expected within 15 minutes.
If signs or symptoms of hypoglycaemia persist after 10 to 15 minutes, and the person is still able to follow simple commands and swallow safely, administer another sugary food or fluid option as listed above.
Once recovered, give a snack with longer acting carbohydrate like a piece of bread or cup of milk.
If the casualty is unable to follow simple commands or does not recover after oral administration of sugar, CALL ‘000’.