Mouth to Mouth
This is where the rescuers mouth fully covers the casualty’s mouth.
Take a breath, open your mouth as widely as possible and place it over the person’s slightly open mouth. While maintaining an open airway, pinch the nostrils (or seal nostrils with rescuer’s cheek) and blow to inflate the person’s lungs.
Mouth to Nose
The mouth to nose method may be used:
The technique for mouth to nose is the same as for mouth to mouth except for sealing the airway.
Mouth to Mask
Mouth to mask resuscitation is a method of rescue breathing which avoids mouth-to-mouth contact by using a resuscitation mask. Rescuers should take appropriate safety precautions when feasible and when resources are available to do so, especially if a person is known to have a serious infection.
Mouth to Neck Stoma
A person with a laryngectomy has had the larynx (voice box) removed and breathes through a hole in the front of their neck (stoma). A stoma will be more obvious when the person is on their back for rescue breathing and the head is put into backward tilt.
The rescuer should place their mouth over the stoma and perform rescue breathing as described above.