Relievers: All relievers in Australia are blue in colour. Common relievers can include:
Preventer medicines make the airway less sensitive, reduce redness and swelling and help to dry up mucus. They are the mainstay of asthma treatment because they treat the underlying cause of the symptoms. Preventers need to be taken every day to prevent symptoms and reduce the likelihood of asthma attacks. It may take 2-4 weeks before they reach their full effect.
Some Preventer medication includes:
Using an inhaler with a spacer
It is always preferable to use a spacer with an inhaler as it reduces the amount of medication that sticks to the mouth and throat of the casualty. However, if no spacer is available you can improvise.
Using a spacer
Assemble the spacer. Remove inhaler cap and shake well. Place the inhaler upright into the spacer. Place the spacer mouthpiece into the victim’s mouth, between the teeth with the lips sealed around it. Press firmly on the inhaler to fire 1 puff into the spacer. Ask the victim to breathe in and out normally for 4-6 breaths via the spacer. Repeat this promptly until 4-6 puffs have been given. Remember to shake the inhaler before each puff.
Without a spacer
When a spacer is unavailable, shake the inhaler. Place the mouthpiece into the victim’s mouth, between the teeth with the lips sealed around it. Press firmly on the inhaler to administer one puff as the victim inhales slowly and steadily. Slip the inhaler out of the victim’s mouth. Ask the victim to hold their breath for 4 seconds or as long as comfortable. Breathe out slowly away from the inhaler. Repeat this promptly until 4-6 puffs have been given. Remember to shake the inhaler before each puff.