Treatment of Specific Injuries

Embedded Objects

If there is an obvious embedded object causing bleeding, use pressure around the object.

  • Do not remove the embedded object because it may be plugging the wound and restricting bleeding.
  • Apply padding around or on each side of the protruding object, with pressure over the padding.

Pressure application methods may be insufficient to control bleeding. It may still be necessary to use other measures including an arterial tourniquet or haemostatic dressings.

Nose Bleeds (Epistaxis)

For a nose bleed:

  • Pressure must be applied equally to both sides of the nose, over the soft part below the bony bridge (usually between the thumb and index finger)
  • The victim should lean with the head forward to avoid blood flowing down the throat
  • Encourage the victim to spit out blood rather than swallow it as swallowed blood irritates the stomach, and causes vomiting which can worsen the bleeding
  • The victim should remain seated at total rest for at least 10 minutes. On a hot day or after exercise, it might be necessary to maintain pressure for at least 20 minutes
  • If bleeding continues for more than 20 minutes seek medical assistance.