If there is an obvious embedded object causing bleeding, use pressure around the object.
- DO NOT remove the embedded object because it may be plugging the wound and restricting bleeding
- Apply padding around or on each side of the protruding object, with pressure over the padding
Nose Bleeds (Epistaxis)
For a nose bleed:
- Pressure must be applied equally to both sides of the nose, over the soft part below the bony bridge (usually between the thumb and index finger)
- The victim should lean with the head forward to avoid blood flowing down the throat
- Encourage the victim to spit out blood rather than swallow it as swallowed blood irritates the stomach, and causes vomiting which can worsen the bleeding
- The victim should remain seated at total rest for at least 10 minutes. On a hot day or after exercise, it might be necessary to maintain pressure for at least 20 minutes
- If bleeding continues for more than 20 minutes seek medical assistance.