Treatment of Specific Injuries

Embedded Objects

If there is an obvious embedded object causing bleeding, use pressure around the object.

  • DO NOT remove the embedded object because it may be plugging the wound and restricting bleeding
  • Apply padding around or on each side of the protruding object, with pressure over the padding

Nose Bleeds (Epistaxis)

For a nose bleed:

  • Pressure must be applied equally to both sides of the nose, over the soft part below the bony bridge (usually between the thumb and index finger)
  • The victim should lean with the head forward to avoid blood flowing down the throat
  • Encourage the victim to spit out blood rather than swallow it as swallowed blood irritates the stomach, and causes vomiting which can worsen the bleeding
  • The victim should remain seated at total rest for at least 10 minutes. On a hot day or after exercise, it might be necessary to maintain pressure for at least 20 minutes
  • If bleeding continues for more than 20 minutes seek medical assistance.