Vital signs

Vital Signs are essential not only for establishing how ill a casualty is, but for monitoring the casualty’s condition and assessing the effectiveness of treatment.

If trained to do so, the main observations that should be noted down, where possible are:

  • Skin appearance
  • Level of consciousness
  • Temperature  
  • Pulse rate
  • Respiration rate

Taking vital sign observations is extremely important to emergency services who take over control of the incident. They provide a guide to the patient’s condition and response to treatment given.