Radiation burns may be caused by solar ultraviolet radiation (sunburn), welder’s arc, lasers, industrial microwave equipment and nuclear radiation.
Cover radiation burns with a clean, dry dressing to prevent infection.
An electric shock occurs when a person encounters an electrical energy source. Electrical energy flows through a portion of the body causing a shock. Exposure to electrical energy may result in no injury at all or may result in devastating damage or death.
The most common injuries from electric shock include.
- Cardiac arrest
- Respiratory arrest
Specific Management of Electric Shock
- When power lines are in contact with a vehicle or a person, do not approach until the situation is declared safe by authorities. The rescuer should ensure that all bystanders remain at a safe distance of any electrified material; examples being a car body, cable, pool of water. Metal and water conduct electricity and may be extremely hazardous.
- In a domestic or similar situation, it is essential to promptly separate the person in need from the electricity supply. Turn off the supply of electricity at the mains where possible. Until the power is off, avoid direct skin contact with the person or any conducting material.
- If the person is unresponsive and not breathing normally, D.R.S.A.B.C.D.
- Promptly refer all who have suffered an electric shock for medical assessment.
Assess the person who has been struck by lightning: if unresponsive and not breathing normally, commence resuscitation